Taishan Mountain in Shandong was included as "World Cultural and Natural Heritage" by UNESCO in Dec 1987.
Taishan Mountain, a typical representative of the Chinese famous traditional mountains, is a mountain with a long history and a special historic status. In 1982, Taishan Mountain was up into the list of State key scenic spots and was formally listed in the directory of World Natural and Cultural Heritage in 1987. It becomes a precious heritage of human being.
Taishan Mountain locates in the east of North China Plain and the middle of Shandong province erecting from the Shandong hills. It is prominent around other hills. The prominent peak, Yuhuang peak, is 1545 meters high and locates in east 117.6 degree, north 36.16 degree. The south of Taishan Mountain is higher than the north. Its south foot of mountain begins from Tai'an city and its north foot of mountain stops in Jinan City, the distance between which is 60kms. In Taishan Mountain, the transportation is convenient with the Jinghu railway passing by in the west. In its north is Jinan city, which has another name of "spring city". The distance between Taishan Mountain and Qubu is 70kms. Many roads and railways such as Taifei, Taixin, Taining, and Taiji meet in Tai'an city, which just locates in the south of Taishan Mountain.
Taishan Mountain is in a superior geographic location with abundant water and thermal resources, and its climate belongs to the warm temperate zone half wetness monsoon climate. As regard to its historic position, in the ancient times, Taishan Mountain is a developed region—— in the lower reaches of the Yellow River. As regard to its cultural position, it is the center of Dongyi culture. In the south foot of Taishan Mountain, there is Da Fenkou culture, and there is Longshan Culture in its north foot, it is the center of Qi and Lu. And its transportation is more superior. Taishan Mountain is in a key position where the railway from central plains to Shandong peninsula meets the railway connecting the south and north of the east coast. There are no hills between Taishan Mountain and the capitals in the ancient times as well as the developed regions. This superior condition helps Taishan Mountain gain the first position among the Five Famous Mountains in China.
As a mountainous scenic spot, Taishan Mountain has high values in term of aesthetics and science, especially the aesthetic value, which is the foundation for Taishan Mountain becoming a famous mountain in the history and the world natural and cultural heritage today. For thousands of years, during the process of studying on Taishan Mountain in terms of adoration, taste, religion and science, the people has created extremely abundant and valued Taishan scenic culture. Moreover, in the Taishan scenic culture, the natural scene plays the key role with the literacy scene assisting. The nature and culture penetrate into each other. Here we can see the philosophy, aesthetics and science idea about the harmonious development of Sky, Ground and Human beings. Thereby, either from the point of time or space, Taishan Mountain contains extremely abundant contents with high aesthetic, science and historic value. We can say that Taishan Mountain is the symbol of spiritual culture of China and the unique heritage of the world.
泰山古称“岱山”、“岱宗”，面积426平方公里，海拔1545米。泰山既有风景壮丽、峰峦起伏、幽谷深壑、松柏苍劲、瀑布流鸣、四季景色变化万千的自然景观，又有“ 旭日东升 ” 、 “ 云海玉盘 ” 、“ 黄河金带 ” 、“ 晚霞夕照 ”等十大自然奇观，泰山主峰傲然拔地而起，环绕主峰的知名山峰有112座，崖岭98座，溪谷102条，构成了群峰拱岱，气势磅礴的泰山山系。
泰山拥有2000多处摩崖石刻，其规模之大，精品之多，时代之久，书体之全，在国内外名山当中是无语伦比的，巍巍泰山就像一座民族的丰碑屹立于中华大地，举世瞩目。 泰山降水丰富，水果、动物、药材品种繁多，在树木方面，除泰山自然生长外，因为历朝历代的重视，人工种植很多，所以沿路古树极多。 百年以上的古树名木 30000余株，其中有汉朝皇帝种植的汉柏6株，树龄已达2100多年，还有1300年前生的唐槐，500年前生的望人松、五大夫松等。